Global Justice Center Blog
The August 12th Campaign: Urge President Obama to Rescind the Abortion Restrictions Placed on All Us Humanitarian Aid for Girls and Women Raped in Armed Conflict
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE – July, 2011
GJC President Janet Benshoof: “The “no abortion” policy, attached to all US humanitarian aid for victims of rape in armed conflicts, is both deadly and illegal. Now is the time to pressure President Obama to bring the U.S. in compliance with the Geneva Conventions by lifting this ban which he has authority to do with an executive order.”
[NEW YORK, NY] - August 12, 2011 will mark the 62nd anniversary of the adoption of the Geneva Convention of 1949. This cornerstone of International Humanitarian Law (“IHL”) extends to “wounded and sick” civilians the right to comprehensive and non-discriminatory medical care during armed conflict. Yet today one group of civilian victims – namely girls and women impregnated through rape during armed conflict – is routinely denied complete medical care in international humanitarian settings. Specifically, these victims are denied the option of abortion in violation of their rights under the Geneva Conventions and IHL.
Chilean Health Minister Dr. Jaime Menalich Muxi responds to a letter from the GJC requesting that he allow an 11-year-old rape victim to have a life-saving abortion. This letter states that though the pregnancy is risky, he cannot grant her an abortion because it is against the law. This is the original, untranslated copy of the letter the Chilean Health Minister sent in reply to the GJC.
Read GJC's original letter here.
Read a translated version of this letter here.
Recent Wave of Defecting Diplomats and War Crimes Confessions Brings Burma’s Human Rights Abuses to the Foreground
In the past two weeks, Deputy Chief of Mission Kyaw Win and Soe Aung, the second and fourth-ranking Burmese diplomats at the Burmese Embassy in Washington, have defected and are seeking asylum in the United States. Both diplomats cited the unrelenting abuse of their fellow countrymen by the military junta, sham elections, and fear for the safety of themselves and their families as reasons for their defections.
This recent wave of defections of high-ranking officials is undeniable evidence of the egregious human rights abuses that the Burmese government has been committing for decades. GJC aggressively advocates for legal action to be taken against the Burmese government in the form of a referral to the International Criminal Court (ICC). Furthermore, the UN Security Council should pass a resolution deeming the Burmese constitution “null and void” under international law for it is a complete breach of international law and poses a threat to international legal accountability as a whole. For more information, see GJC’s legal brief, Burma’s Nuclear Strategy: How Burma’s Military Has successfully Hijacked Democracy and Made Control over Burma’s Nuclear Future a Constitutional Right of the Military.
Adding to the growing evidence of atrocities, this week, a Burmese refugee in Australia Htoo Htoo Han confessed that he committed war crimes while serving as an undercover military intelligence officer in Burma. “For so long I have lived like an animal. Now I want to release what I carry inside for 20 years. I want to say sorry to the mothers and fathers of the people I killed.” Han admits to carrying out 24 executions during a 1988 anti-government student uprising and being implicated in over 100 more killings. However, since Australia is a supporter of the pro-democracy movement in Burma, the decision of the Australian government to report Han’s confession may jeopardize the interest that some Australian corporations have in Burma’s resources, specifically their access to crude oil.
Hopefully, these defections and confessions will increase awareness of the human rights atrocities that are being committed in Burma. Furthermore, GJC hopes that this information instills a sense of responsibility in the UN and other members of the international community to provide support for take radical action against the overtly oppressive Burmese government and support the creation of a democracy.
Check out a press release of GJC providing critical expertise to ensure that South Sudan's new constitution includes internationally guaranteed equality rights for women.