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Global Justice Center Blog
- Emilie Max, Researcher, The Generating Respect Project, Geneva Call
- Verity Robson, Chief of Legal Services, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
- Angela Mudukuti, Lawyer and Senior Legal Adviser, Global Justice Center
- Marie-Louise Tougas, IHL consultant, former UN independent expert
- Fionnuala Nì Aolàin, UN Special Rapporteur on the Protection and Promotion of Human Rights while Countering Terrorism and Visiting Fellow, Geneva Academy
Session 1: From the crimes to the courtroom: preliminary examinations, investigations and confirmation of charges
Chair: Angela Mudukuti, Lawyer and Senior Legal Adviser at the Global Justice Center
Options to Advance the ILC Draft Articles on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes Against Humanity
- This Memorandum identifies three potential avenues to advance the International Law Commission’s Draft Articles on Crimes Against Humanity to the next procedural step. It is intended as a practical, not a technical, guide.
- The Draft Articles on Crimes Against Humanity have widespread support from States, yet opposition from a few States has caused them to stagnate in the United Nations General Assembly Sixth Committee due to the Committee’s tradition of acting by consensus.
- Option 1 is for the Sixth Committee to act, by breaking consensus, if necessary. It could establish an Ad Hoc Committee to examine the Draft Articles on Crimes Against Humanity. Alternatively, there is precedent for moving directly to a Codification Conference or working directly on the Draft Articles as a Committee of the Whole.
- Option 2 is for the General Committee to shift the Draft Articles on Crimes Against Humanity to the Third Committee or the Plenary of the General Assembly.
- Option 3 is to pursue the development of a treaty on crimes against humanity either outside of, or adjacent to, the United Nations.
NEW YORK — The United States Supreme Court today repealed the constitutional right to abortion. The ruling in Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health Organization allows Mississippi’s 15-week abortion ban to remain in place and explicitly overturns decades of precedent set by the Roe v. Wade and Planned Parenthood v. Casey decisions that prevented states from banning abortions before viability.
Abortion is likely to become illegal immediately in roughly half of US states. Other states are expected to further limit abortion access, while some have taken steps to expand access in anticipation of the court’s ruling.
Akila Radhakrishnan, president of the Global Justice Center, issued the following statement:
“Today will go down as one of the darkest days for human rights in American history. With the stroke of a pen, this court has barred millions from access to a medical service that the World Health Organization has deemed a ‘crucial part of healthcare.’ The repercussions for bodily autonomy and gender equality in the US will be devastating.
“Though decades of attacks have deeply eroded the protections of Roe, and safe abortion has for too long been inaccessible to many, today’s ruling puts the United States firmly in violation of its human rights obligations. Around the world, recognition of the right to abortion access is sweeping. Ireland, Colombia, Benin, and countless other countries have taken steps in recent years to expand abortion access. Make no mistake: the US is now a global pariah on abortion, and accordingly, gender equality.
“This is certainly the catastrophic day we all feared. But it is also a day we’ve long prepared for. While we fight state-by-state to secure abortions for anyone who needs them, there are actions President Biden and Congress can take now to protect the human right to abortion. With stakes this high, each day of inaction is an attack on every person now living in a country without bodily autonomy.”